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Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men between the ages of 20-34 years of age. The annual incidence is 3 in 100,000 men per year. Therefore, it is very important to promote testicular self-examination (TSE) beginning in the adolescent male for early diagnosis of testicular cancer. Not every lump leads to the diagnosis of testicular cancer. An undescended testicle is considered the only risk factor for developing cancer of the testicle. Definitive diagnosis of testicular cancer is achieved by physical examination, ultrasound and blood tumor markers. Radical orchiectomy is the treatment of choice for localized cancer of the testis. Radiation, chemotherapy and surgery may be needed for advanced disease.

Can I prevent getting testicular cancer?

There are no ways to prevent testicular cancer, as it is not clear what causes testicular cancer in the majority of cases. However, there are ways to improve the chances of early detection, and therefore enhancing your chances of treatment. Some doctors recommend that you conduct regular self-examinations in order to identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage. If you choose to do so, the optimal opportunity to self-examine is after a warm bath or shower. This is when the scrotum is most relaxed. If you find a lump, call your doctor.

Who is at greatest risk from testicular cancer?

There are a number of factors that may put you at greater risk from testicular cancer: What are the symptoms?

Symptoms that may occur include:

Dr. Frank sees patients at his West Orange office from nearby New Jersey towns, serving Livingson, Short Hills, Millburn, Maplewood, Montclair, Essex Fells, South Orange, Verona, Caldwell, and West Caldwell.